Vector born disease
Sandfly control and entomological surveillance.
I am based in Cali, Colombia, and employed part time by CIDEIM and part time by LSHTM. I work largely on dengue, leishmaniasis, lymphatic filariasis and other parasitic and vector-borne diseases.
I previously worked at the Papua New Guinea Institute of Medical Research, and the Ahmadu Bello University in Kaduna, Nigeria (seconded from the Institute of Ophthalmology, London).
In 1998 I completed a PhD supervised by Bryan Grenfell in the Department of Zoology, University of Cambridge entitled 'Heterogeneity and the Epidemiology of Lymphatic Filariasis'. I also have a BA in Mathematics and a Diploma in Mathematical Statistics from the same university.
Sand flies, mosquitoes, population genetic, population ecology, geometric morphometrics, parasite and virus detection, vector control
Vector-Borne Viral diseases
Tenho interesse em trabalhos com flebotomíneos transmissores de leishmaniose visceral no Brasil, taxonomia, fisiologia e ecologia destes vetores, bem como da aplicação da biologia molecular na resolução de problemas taxonômicos e como possibilidade de controle biológico.
Epidemiology, Biology, Vector Potential
Zoonotic and emerging infectious diseases; viral discovery; viral ecology; host-pathogen interactions
Interested with vector Borne Disease mainly (Mosquitoes,Sand fly) and their interaction with diseases, Molecular biology and Bioinformatic.
Distribution and vectors
- Infectious Diseases
- Medical Entomology
- Vector-borne Diseases
- Biological Control of Insect Pest
Medical Entomology and Parasitology of Tropical Diseases;
- Development of new vector control tools
- Insecticide resistance mechanism and vector control management;
- Molecular Biology and Biomarker development;
- Adaptation and evolution of insect genomes;
- Research and teaching
My current and long-term research interests involve genomics and ecology of Culicoides in order to better understand the epidemiology of Culicoides-borne diseases in order to implement effective and sustainable vector control methods.
Biting midges and black flies, specifically the ecological drivers of their avian malaria transmission ability and interactions with endosymbionts
Entomology and Vector ecology
My research focuses on the ecology and evolution of host parasites interactions, vector biology and life history theory. One of my main interest is in carry over effects, namely the evolutionary consequences of early life environment and maternal investments.
I joined a BBSRC project where my focus is on evolutionary modeling of maternal investments in tsetse flies and how that may impact vector competence and the epidemiology of the African Animal Trypanosomiasis. In this project my approach is theoretical and it is in collaboration with colleagues in charge of field work in Zimbabwe and lab studies in Liverpool (LSTM).
I have worked previously on the malaria system, from ecology & evolution of mosquito immunity (PhD), to combining evolutionary & applied ecology to improve malaria control (postdoc) in the Eave tubes project with field work in West Africa, funded by the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation.
The epidemiology, control, transmission dynamics, and mathematical modelling of neglected tropical diseases (NTDs) in general and filarial infections in particular. Currently focusing on refining transmission models of onchocerciasis control and elimination under the umbrella of the NTD Modelling Consortium. Parameterising models with field-derived data, including vector bionomics, vector-parasite-host interactions, parasitological and entomological data, and statistical analyses of datasets. Interest in blackfies and their transmission dynamics to better understand the impact of control interventions, including antivectorial and antiparasitic measures.
Ecology, Taxonomy and Management of Medical Important Pests
I am a medical Entomologist and Professor of the Department of Zoology of a public university, Jahangirnagar University. I am working on medical important pest in Bangladesh. I am interested to do work on sand fly vector(s).
Genetics and molecular biology of mosquitoes
I generate, maintain and exploit cell lines from ticks and other arthropods. I manage the Tick Cell Biobank https://www.liverpool.ac.uk/infection-and-global-health/research/tick-cell-biobank/ , the world's only dedicated culture collection for cell lines derived from ticks and other arthropods of medical, veterinary and agricultural importance. I have recently generated two cell lines from the sand fly Lutzomyia longipalpis and am working on additional sand fly and biting midge cell lines. I am interested in accessing starting material for any arthropod cell lines, and collaborative research utilising existing and novel cell lines.
Romeo Bellini (Ph.D. in Entomology at the University of Bologna) is currently covering the position of Director of the Medical & Veterinary Entomology Dept. at the Centro Agricoltura Ambiente “G.Nicoli” (http://www.caa.it). He is the scientific responsible for the IAEA Collaborating Centre established in the 2012 at the CAA. He recently (2014) obtained the Italian national qualification of full Professor in Plant Pathology & Entomology. He has 30 years of experience in mosquito ecology studies and management of mosquito control programs in Italy. He has been coordinator of the EU-LIFE program 1994-’96 "Environmental friendly management of tourist areas on the Emilia-Romagna Riviera” and WP 10 leader in the FP7 Infrastructure project “Research capacity for the implementation of genetic control of mosquitoes-INFRAVEC”. Currently he is in charge of supervising and coordinating laboratory and field activities of a team of 7 full-time and 5 part-time technicians. He is author of 98 referred scientific publications and 69 other publications; 62 oral and 64 poster presentations in international scientific meetings. He is serving as a peer reviewer for Acta Tropica, Bulletin of Entomological Research, Journal of Medical Entomology, Journal of Vector Ecology, Journal of American Mosquito Control Association, Bulletin of Insectology, Medical and Veterinary Entomology, Journal of Applied Ecology, Parasites & Vectors, PLoS Neglected Tropical Disease, Pathogens and Global Health, Vector-Borne and Zoonotic Diseases. He served as a European Director of the Society for Vector Ecology (1998-’99) and the Italian Director of the European Mosquito Control Association (2003-’05). He is member of the most important scientific societies in the field of medical entomology such as AMCA, ESA, SOIPA, SOVE. His scientific interests have been focused on the developing of mosquito and other vectors surveillance and monitoring methods, followed by the implementation of control strategies at low environmental impact and with no sanitary risks. He has been very active in the implementation of biological mosquito control in Italy using Bacillus thuringiensis israelensis formulations and fishes (Gambusia holbrooki, Aphanius fasciatus); in the standardization of reliable mosquito monitoring methods; in testing new products and tools for mosquito control. Following the introduction of Aedes albopictus in Italy (1990) he has been involved in studying the ecology of the species in the new habitats and developing specific control measures including source reduction, larval control, community participation. In the year 2000 he started investigating the application of the Sterile Insect Technique (SIT) against Ae. albopictus. Recently he is also interested in the surveillance and risk assessment of emerging vector borne diseases in Europe. He is providing expertise consultations to international bodies such as World Health Organization (WHO) Europe, European Centre for Diseases Prevention and Control (ECDC), European Food Safety Agency (EFSA), International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA).
taxonomy of Culicoides
Infectious disease ecology and evolution; epidemiology, molecular ecology, vector biology
Working on bluetongue and Lyme disease among other (mostly non-vector-borne diseases)
My current research interests lie in investigating vector competence for arboviruses. I am particularly interested in the effect of temperature on virus transmission, including the minimum environmental temperature required for transmission, to identify regions at risk from invasive or endemic viruses. I am also interested in the potential for viruses to adapt to different conditions, and consequently, the risk they may pose in the future.
I am fascinated by the biology and ecology of the vectors - their diversity and capacity to transmit varios vector-born disease. My research is mainly focused on faunistic diversity of Culicoides biting midges and their role in the vector-parasite and vector-host interactions in the parasite-vector-host system of biting midges, avian haemosporidians and birds.
Systematics, ecology, behaviour, vectors, morphology, fossil record (everything to do with Ceratopogonidae); systematics of other families of Culicomorpha.
Systematics and biology of the biting midges of the genus Dasyhelea (Diptera: Ceratopogonidae).
silk genes and proteins
My PhD research involves the identification of Culiocides biting midge species currently found in Trinidad using ecozonation; as well as the determination of which serotypes of Culicoides-vectored Bluetongue (BTV) and Epizootic Haemorrhagic Disease (EHDV) viruses are circulating in Trinidad using a naïve cohort of cattle. Additional research involved the comparison of the different types of traps (incandescent light, UV light, semio-chemical baited and sweep-nets) with respect to Culicoides specimen and species yield and their crepuscular activity.
I am Honorary Assistant Professor at London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine and Head of Development & Partnerships at the university's first biotech spin-out Vecotech Ltd. I lead research developing novel attractant and repellent products for pest arthropods. My research interests lie with increasing the understanding the behavioural biology of pest arthropods and in developing novel surveillance and control tools targeting them.
Surveillance, modelling and prediction of risk and intensity of vector borne disease transmission in time and space
Natural parasite transmission models (Leishmania- sand flies; African trypanosomes - tsetse flies), Parasitology, Drug discovery, Innate immunity, Vector biology.
Sand fly species identification
Sampling, surveillance, and chemical ecology of vectors, particularly sandflies, for improving control and understanding the transmission of vector-borne diseases.
Climate change and vector-borne diseases
Patrones de distribución de culícidos implicados en la transmisión selvática del virus de Fiebre Amarilla en Argentina
In my master degree I´m working with the ecology and epidemiology of sand flies at the County of Pains in Minas Gerais/Brazil, analyzing the fauna of phlebotomineas in seven diferents enviroments (cave, eucalyptus plantation, urban area, rural area, pasture, Native forest, and lime mining), after I´ll make molecular identification of leishmania and geoprocessing analysis with the data
Vector Ecology - Vector Biogeographic Distribution - Health Promotion and Vector Borne Disease Prevention Programs
My research focuses on understanding the relationship between species distributions and the environment, with particular interests in vector-borne disease systems and climate change. Main topics include ecology of sand flies and leishmaniasis transmission.
My interest is the diseases transmitted by biological vectors, Culicoides spp, epidemiology. And biological vectors as biotechnological solutions.
Ecology of Sand fly population
Morphological and molecular taxonomy of Culicoides
Host preference studies
Detection of Bluetongue and related viruses in Midges
culicoides species diversity in wild life
Epidemiology of vector borne diseases, Ecology of arthropod vectors, integrated vector management
Taxonomy and biology of Culicoides.
Biology and control of blackflies
Blackflies systematics, identification, ecology, epidemiology.
Control/eliminate neglected tropical diseases, i.e. visceral leishmaniasis, dengue, chikungunya, etc. by knowing their vector biology, pathogenesis, vector control and epidemiology
My work has had a broad impact on the establishment of new genomic model species to complement those (e.g., Saccharomyces, Drosophila, Caenorhabditis, Mus) that have transformed our understanding of the human condition by laboratory studies, yet now chosen because of a deeper understanding of their ecologies, and a greater ability to sample and study genetic variants within their natural populations. These include the waterfea Daphnia (Colbourne et al. 2011 Science 331: 555-561), the jewel wasp Nasonia (Werren et al. 2010 Science 327:343-348), the green anole lizard Anolis (Alföldi et al. 2011 Nature 477:587-591) and the brown planthopper Nilaparvata (Zhang et al. 2014 Genome Biology 15:521). Other vertebrates include the killifish Fundulus (Reid et al. 2017 Genome Biology and Evolution 9:659-676), the songbird Junco and a growing list of emerging invertebrate model species including bee, black fly, aphid, tick, mosquito (Tormey et al. 2015 BMC Genomics 16:754) and amphipod (Poynton et al. 2018 Environmental Science and Technology 52:6009-6022). This work resulted in Daphnia's designation as a biomedical model species by the US National Institutes of Health.
Studies that focused on these new model species are producing the broad range of anticipated discoveries that would be difficult to achieve otherwise; many are suggesting that variation among the co-regulated networks of genes are better predictors than gene variation of the adaptive potential of populations to survive environmental stress (Reid et al. 2016 Science 354:1305-1308), of the mechanisms that confer insecticide resistances in arthropods (Weston et al. 2013 PNAS 110:16532), of the mechanistic basis of environmentally induced phenotypic plastic traits (Shaw et al. 2014 Molecular Biology and Evolution 31:3002-3015), and the evolutionary basis of the vector biology of mosquitos (Bradshaw et al. 2017 PNAS 115:1009-1014).
Culicoides biting midges as arbovirus vectors in domestic livestock.
Epidemiologia entomológica de zoonoses parasitárias, com ênfase em flebotomíneos vetores da leishmaniose visceral.
Vector-borne disease epidemiology
public health and veterinary health
vector and animal behavioural ecology
My main area of interest is the application of molecular methods to field settings in order to investigate the biology of vectors.
I am broadly interested in systematics, taxonomy and natural history of lower Diptera, with expertise in Psychodomorpha (Blephariceridae, Tanyderidae and Psychodidae).
I am a clinical epidemiologist with specific interest in malaria.
Sand flies and Leishmania
Vector and pathogen interaction / immunology
Culicoides-borne pathogens of veterinary importance; host-vector-pathogen interface; role of insect saliva on pathogen dissemination and virulence; host immune responses to insect blood-feeding and insect saliva
Vector control, Species identification, Disease Diagnosis
Ecology of Biting Midges, Trap development and artificial feeding techniques.
I am very interested in vector ecology and epidemiology. In particular, I have studied the effect of thermal conditions on the development of the mosquito Aedes aegypti in temperate Argentina. I am currently interesting in the study of artificial containers that can function as larval habitats of Aedes aegypti, present in the domestic environment (private homes) in Buenos Aires City. Specifically, I want to describe and analyze the characteristics of the containers in relation to aspects such as their volume, material, shape, container filling mechanism, frequency of use and utility perceived by their owners.I am very interested in vector ecology and epidemiology. In particular, I have studied the effect of thermal conditions on the development of the mosquito Aedes aegypti in temperate Argentina. I am currently interesting in the study of artificial containers that can function as larval habitats of Aedes aegypti, present in the domestic environment (private homes) in Buenos Aires City. Specifically, I want to describe and analyze the characteristics of the containers in relation to aspects such as their volume, material, shape, container filling mechanism, frequency of use and utility perceived by their owners.
pathogen-host interactions (pathogenesis, immunology, vaccinology) of emerging and vector-borne diseases with attention to the role of the vector in pathogen transmission
Sandflies systematics and biology. Transmission of pathogens (Leishmania and arboviruses)
Risk assessment on vector borne diseases
Novel strategies for transmisssion-blocking
Leishmaniasis, Chagas, Arbovirus.
Biting midges (Culicoides)
Sand fly -Leishmania interactions from lab to field. Particularly Lutzomyia longipalpis.
My main interest is to learn more about the ecology, distribution and taxonomy of the representatives of the Simuliidae family and their relationship with man. From all this I intend to know more about the distribution of species in general and those of medical-veterinary interest in particular as well as to be able to define and continue with the identification work since the family presents numerous species complexes which represent a Excellent opportunity to work in the group's taxonomy.
Medical Biologist and currently in 2nd year of PhD. I hold a Master degree's in Parasitology-Entomology and a Certificate of Medical Entomology from Institut Pasteur in Paris.
I am interested in vector-borne diseases and their vectors. Particularly epidemiology of leishmaniasis and sandflies bioecology in Burkina Faso.
Population genetics of sandfly and leishmania
Trapping and ecology, vector competence
I have interest in wildlife animal diseases. I want to know details about biting midges, their life cycle, effect on animals and remedy from them. I did work on antimicrobial resistance of Rhesus monkey. I am interest in work on controlling vector borne disease of livestock as well as wild animals. That I can take steps to conservation of last member of extinct species of wildlife. I want to build my carrier as a wildlife biologist and conservationist in future.
Epidemiology of Vector-Borne Zoonotic diseases, Vector control and management, Emerging Infectious disease.
Biology of bloodfeeding insects, vector-borne diseases, ecology of sand flies (Diptera: Phlebotominae), molecular taxonomy and phylogeny, epidemiology of Old World leishmaniases
Mathematical modelling of gene drive systems for the control of mosquito populations and mosquito-borne pathogens.
Parasitic infections including Cutaneous Leishmaniasis and Sand flies
Climate impact assessment on the global burden of vector-borne diseases. Mathematical modelling of population dynamics and disease epidemiology for various vectors and pathogens.
Biology, ecology, surveillance, and management of arthropods of medical and veterinary importance.
I am interested in Culicoides and particularly in the Afrotropical region to improve our knowledge on species of veterinary (ie specify the main species vectors and pathogens that they are likely to transmit); their distribution and abundance according to different ecosystem and livestock level. Indeed, I did my thesis work on culicoides in relation to African horse sickness in equestrian centers in the Niayes area. However, it would be interesting to reproduce this work in cattle and small ruminants farming (modern and traditional). The aim is to contribute to the fight against these insects vector-borne diseases. Several insecticide products are used against nuisance insects but little is known about their effectiveness on culicoides. Thus it will be interesting to test culicoides susceptibility on active ingredients and evaluate the effectiveness of some insecticide products against field culicoides populations.
Vector control, disease surveillance, epidemiology, etc
In biting midges (Culicoides) studies conducted in the Brazilian Central Amazon, high diversity indices were found, with 46 species, five species new to the reticulatus group and 39 morphotypes in seven subgenera that could not be identified by classical morphology due to variations. morphological for valid species. This situation should be repeated in several areas in the Amazon, making it necessary to add other combined methods of morphological diagnosis, such as morphometric and genetic analyzes, to more accurately elucidate the diversity of Culicoides.
Correct identification of an insect of economic / epidemiological interest is a basic premise for solving any entomological problem. The taxonomy of these biting midges based on their morphological characteristics is difficult due to their small size and occurrence of cryptic and complex species and those with phenotypic plasticity, which lead to misidentifications. Accurate identification is of great importance in the surveillance of arthropod-borne diseases, as large differences in vectorial capacity are found even among nearby species. My interest is to estimate the diversity of biting midges (Culicoides and Leptoconops, Diptera: Ceratopogonidae) in different regions of the Amazon, to understand biodiversity and elucidate taxonomic limits through integrated taxonomy methods.
Vector ecology and behaviour
Vector surveillance and control